A tourbillon watch is a mechanical timepiece that features a rotating escapement, which is the part of the movement that regulates the watch's accuracy. The escapement is typically located within the watch's main plate, but a tourbillon watch has the escapement mounted on a cage that rotates on its own axis. The tourbillon was invented in the late 18th century by watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet, who sought to improve the accuracy of pocket watches by compensating for the effects of gravity on the escapement.
The tourbillon is considered one of the most complex and intricate mechanisms in horology, and it requires a high level of skill and precision to manufacture. Tourbillon watches are highly prized by collectors and connoisseurs, and they are often considered works of art as much as they are timepieces.
In addition to their technical complexity, tourbillon watches are also known for their aesthetic beauty. The tourbillon cage is often visible through the watch's caseback, allowing the wearer to appreciate the intricate mechanics of the movement. Some tourbillon watches also feature intricate engravings and decorations on the cage itself, further enhancing their visual appeal.
While tourbillon watches are highly sought after, they are also quite rare and expensive. Due to the complexity of the tourbillon mechanism and the high level of craftsmanship required to produce it, tourbillon watches are typically found at the higher end of the price spectrum. However, for those who appreciate the artistry and technical prowess of the tourbillon, the price is well worth it.